1 World Trade Center
To streamline and minimize blog maintenance, I will be discontinuing maintaining the realestateexpedition.com website (however, I will still hold the domain). I will gradually move all articles from this site to A Dawn Journal. This article originally published on the above website on Sep 11, 2010.
Everyone knows about the destruction of the World Trade Towers on September 11, 2001, but quietly on that piece of land, a new tower is being built that will be taller and much more modern than the destroyed towers. It is One World Trade Center, formerly known as the Freedom Tower and upon its completion in 2013, it will be one of the most famous skyscrapers in the United States.
Construction of the tower began on April 27, 2006 under the name of Freedom Tower, however, on March 30, 2009, the name was officially changed to One World Trade Center since it covers the northwest corner of the World Trade Center Site. The building will feature several high rise buildings around it, a National September 11 Memorial and Museum and park area. When completed, it will stand at 1,776 feet, representing the Independence Year of the United States. It will also be the tallest building in the United States, and will stand 100 feet above the Empire State Building.
The building will include 2.6 million sq. ft. of office space, an observation deck, a restaurant, parking, broadcast facilities, and several public spaces. There will be 69 tenant floors rising up to 1,120 feet, followed by the restaurants and observation decks. There will be a glass parapet at 1,362 and 1,368 feet, which marks the height of the original towers that stood on the site.
The tower will feature several safety features including three foot thick reinforced concrete walls on every stairwell, elevator shaft, sprinkler system and risers. The emergency stairs will be very wide and there will be stairwells that are for the exclusive use of firefighters. Windows will be equipped with blast-resistant plastic. The glass will also improve daylight within the building, and the tower will use rainwater collection and a recycling scheme that will give it a Gold Certification through Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design.
The rooftop level of the tower was expected to be finished between October and December of 2011, with the spire going in by 2012. However, the completion was pushed back to 2013. Overall, the building of the tower will cost $3.1 billion, and it will use 50,000 tons of steel.
An interesting note for the construction happened on July 14, 2010, when an 18th century sailing ship was found at the site as workers were excavating the site of an underground vehicle security center for the building. A 32-foot hull and 100 pound anchor were found, and archaeologists believe that the ship was used as landfill material during the 19th century as a way to expand the land of Manhattan.
One World Trade Center will probably become the most recognizable building in New York upon its completion and there will be many who will be happy to set up shop on one of its 105 floors. From a tragedy, a new building rises from the ashes, with safety systems in place that show designers have learned from the past.